ORDER OF NURSES IN LEBANON
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Founding Law
Chapter I
Article one: Definition of the Order

All nurses qualified, by virtue of a license issued by the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health to practice the profession of nursing in Lebanon, constitute a professional order called the “Order of Nurses in Lebanon”. The head office of the Order is located in Beirut.

Article two: Objectives of the Order
Nurses in Lebanon have a professional, health, scientific and administrative mission, which aims at:
  • Unifying the position of nurses, safeguarding their material and moral rights and their legitimate interests, as well as enhancing their professional practice and maintaining its ethics and dignity.
  • Providing comprehensive high quality health care for all Citizens.
  • Seeking to develop the scientific and practical aspects of nursing profession and enhancing its professional level to keep pace with international professional developments and diversity of specialties.
  • Cooperating with the Ministry of Public Health and with governmental administrations, public Institutions, municipalities and health organizations in order to secure the best nursing projects and services.
  • Participating in the formulation of the health policy representing the Order, on the national level, in the Supreme Council of Health and in the planning commissions and councils.
  • Expressing opinions on draft laws, proposed laws or regulations related to the nursing profession, upon request of the concerned authorities.
  • Expressing opinions on sending missions and on attending nursing conferences.
  • Promoting the development of scientific research in order to serve the nursing profession, enhances its level and help in serving the health and medical sector.
  • Coordinating with concerned orders, and particularly the Order of Physicians on many levels such as expression of opinion, exchange of information and researches, which serve the interests of public health and reflect positively on human health and on the environmental.
  • Establishing a pension fund to secure aging and disability and drafting its Rules of in accordance with the legislations in force.
  • Striving to resolve disputes arising from the exercise of the profession, among nurses or between nurses and other health and medical professionals and between nurses and patients.
  • Taking disciplinary action against members of the Order who are breaching its laws and disregarding their duties and professional ethics.
  • Strengthening professional ties and establishing best relations between members and seeking to establish the "Nurses House”.
  • Striving to publish a magazine covering issues of nursing and nurses.

Article three: Compulsory membership in the order
No nurse is qualified to practise the nursing profession on the entirety of the Lebanese territory unless he/she is registered in the Order's records.

Article four: Order’s Membership Conditions:
A- For Lebanese nurses or foreign nurses holding a nursing certificate issued by a certified institute in Lebanon: Whoever applies for registration of his/her name in the order's records shall satisfy all necessary qualifications and requirements to practise the nursing profession in accordance with the laws and regulations in force, and must submit to the secretariat of the Order Council a duly signed application with a clear mention of his/her address, accompanied by the following documents:
  • Certified copy of the ID or the individual civil status or its certified copy or a copy of the passport or the travel document issued by the Lebanese authorities.
  • Criminal record not exceeding a period of three months as of issuance date.
  • Certified copy of the nursing certificate "degree, bachelor degree, technical excellence, technical Baccalaureate".
  • Certified copy of his/her license to practise the nursing profession issued by the Ministry of Public Health.
  • 2 certified passport photos.
B- For non-Lebanese nurses: Non-Lebanese nurses may join the Order in case they are in compliance with the legal and educational requirements and qualifications, under the condition of attaching the following documents to their application:
  • 2 certified passport photos.
  • Certified Copy of the passport.
  • Copy of his/her license to practise the profession, which shall be issued by the competent authority in his/her country of origin, duly certified, and not older than three months.
  • Copy of the degree accompanied by the equivalence certificate issued by the equivalence commission, in accordance with the laws and regulations in force in Lebanon.
  • Certified copy of the work permit issued by the Ministry of Labour in Lebanon.
  • Certified copy of residence permit, validity of which should not be less than six months, issued by the General Directorate of Public Security.


Article five: Deciding on applications for affiliation
The Order Council examines the application during the first session held following its date of submission, or in a maximum period of two months from the registration date at the secretariat of the Order Council. The Council decides to accept the application provided that it meets the legal requirements. The Council is not entitled to reject any application that is compliant to the requirements, unless the refusal justification is clearly stated. Whoever’s application is refused may refer to the Civil Court of Appeal in Beirut within 15 days from the date of notification of the decision.

Chapter II
Structure of the Order
First Overview: General Assembly
Article six: Formation of General Assembly:

The General Assembly shall enclose all nurses who are duly registered in the Order's record. Its decisions shall apply to all members, including non-attendants and those who are unwilling to attend.

Article seven: Order President and Order Council:
The Order is represented by a council elected by the General Assembly as provided by this law. It is headed by the President of the Order of Nurses in Lebanon.

Article eight: Holding the General Assembly
The Order’s ordinary General Assembly shall be held once in a year in the first half of May. As for the extraordinary General Assembly, it shall be held the Council’s decision taken by the majority of two-thirds of the Council, or upon a request submitted to the Council by one-fifth of the members registered in the Order’s records, provided that the meeting takes place within one month from the date of receipt of the request by the Council.

Article nine: Participating in the General Assembly
Only nurses who are registered in the Order’s records and having paid the annual participation fees shall be entitled to participate in the General Assembly.

Article ten: Deletion from the order's records
By a decision of the Council, the order shall delete from its records:
  • Any member having been subject to a disciplinary decision prohibiting him/her to exercise permanently the nursing profession.
  • Any member having delayed, without any legitimate reason, the payment of the annual registration fees for two consecutive years. This member shall not be eligible to apply again unless he/she settles the due fees, including the re-payment of membership fees.
  • Upon request of the president of the Order by a justified decision, The Council can suspend the membership of a member for a determined and specific administrative period. This member should take the initiative to legalize his/her status; otherwise he/she shall be referred to the Disciplinary Council in accordance with the provisions of Art. 37 of this law.
  • A member who wishes to suspend his/her membership should submit to the Council a written request, accompanied by the reasons behind such decision, provided that he/she has paid the financial obligations, if any. The Council shall then take the appropriate decision.
Article eleven: Presidency of General Assembly
The President of the Order shall chair the General Assembly. In case of his absence or inability to attend, his deputy, the secretary of the Council or the eldest member shall attend respectively on his behalf.

Article twelve: Quorum in the General Assembly
The ordinary meetings of the General Assembly shall not be considered legal, unless more than half of the attending members have paid their annual subscription. As for the Extraordinary General Assembly Meeting, it will not be considered legal unless two thirds of the members are attending. In both cases, if the quorum was not met, members shall be re-invited within a maximum period of one month, and the ordinary and extraordinary General Assembly meeting shall be considered legal and present member shall be treated as quorum.
  • A meeting shall be convened in compliance with the adopted regulations, either by publication of a meeting notice in three local newspapers or by sending a meeting notice by registered mail with acknowledgement of receipt.
  • Extraordinary General Assembly shall take its decisions by vote, with a two-third majority of the attending members.
  • Ordinary General Assembly shall take its decisions by vote, with the absolute majority of attending members.
Article thirteen: Powers of the General Assembly
A- Concerning the Ordinary General Assembly powers:
    The ordinary General Assembly has jurisdiction in the following matters:
  • Determining the general recommendations of Order’s different activities.
  • Electing the Order Council and the President of the Order.
  • Ratifying the decisions submitted by the Council.
  • Discussing the financial report and approving the annual budget.
  • Auditing the accounts of the previous year and approving the financial statement.
  • Discussing the agenda and taking appropriate decisions thereon.
  • Determining the Order’s mandatory affiliation fees and annual subscription fees which are required from the nurses.
B – Concerning the Extraordinary General Assembly Jurisdiction:
The Extraordinary General Assembly discusses issues related to the profession, which are specified in the meeting notice or the Council’s resolutions.

Article fourteen: Formation of the Order Council
The Council shall comprise twelve members elected by the General Assembly during its Annual General Meeting. The General Assembly shall elect the President of the Order during this meeting, provided that nine of the Council’s members shall hold a university degree in nursing sciences, and three of the Council’s members shall be holders of a BT and TS nursing technical diplomas.

Article fifteen: Election of Council
Members of the Order Council and the Order’s President are elected by secret vote for a mandate of three years; each year the mandate of one-third of the members shall expire, with the condition of maintaining a proportional vote as stipulated in Article 14 of this law. Voting by absolute majority shall take place in the first session, whereas voting by relative majority shall take place in the second session. In the event of equal votes the oldest member shall win.
Article sixteen: Holding the Order Council Meeting
After the election of the Order Council and following the announcement of the results, it is required to set the date of the first Council meeting. Outgoing members may be re-elected once. However, they shall be eligible for a third re-election only after the expiration of at least one election session. In the first two years, one-third of the outgoing members shall be appointed by lot.

Article seventeen: Terms of Candidature for Membership in the Order Council
Any Lebanese citizen registered in the Order and having exercised the nursing profession for five years at least shall be eligible to present his candidacy for membership in the Order Council. Any Lebanese nurse having exercised the profession for at least 15 years and holding a university degree in nursing sciences shall be entitled to present his candidacy for the Order Presidency position.

Article Eighteen: Mandate period of the Order President
The term of the Order President shall be for 3-years. The President shall be eligible for re-election only after the lapse of at least three years following the expiration of his term. If the elected President happens to be one of the Council members whose term expires the year following his election, his membership in the Council shall be maintained until the end of the three-year term of the Council.

Article Nineteen: Formation of the Council Office
Within a maximum period of 15 days after the general elections, the Order Council shall hold a meeting and elect among its members a deputy for the President of the Order, a secretary, and a treasurer for one renewable year. The Council Office consists of the mentioned members and the Order President. In case of equal votes among the candidates, the vote of the President shall be considered a casting vote

Article Twenty: Duties of Order President
The Order President represents the Order of Nurses in Lebanon and defends its rights and interests. He/she is charged with the implementation of decisions taken by the General Assembly and the Order Council and he/ she can take legal actions on behalf of the Order in accordance with the regulations in force.

Article Twenty-One: Termination of Membership
Any member having been subject to disciplinary actions, other than blame or warning, is considered terminated from the Order Council. Any member not attending Council’s meetings for three consecutive times without a legitimate excuse is also considered resigning from the Council, after being notified in writing.

Article Twenty-Two: Vacancy of a Council Member Position
In the event of a vacant seat of a Council member before the end of his/her term, the vacant seat shall be filled for the remaining period by the candidate who won the highest number of votes during the previous elections. In case of equal votes, the vacant seat shall be filled by the oldest member, in compliance with the provisions of Article Fourteen in terms of replacement. In case of vacancy of one-third or more of the Council’s seats, the General Assembly is convened in an election meeting to fill the vacant seat, for the remaining period also.

Article Twenty-Three: Dissolution of the Order Council
The Order Council is considered dissolved if the number of vacant seats exceeds half of its members; new elections should take place within a maximum period of two months, as of the date the Council’s dissolution. The Order President should remain in place until new elections take place. In case the Order’s President Seat is also vacant, the Minister of Public Health may appoint a temporary commission to manage the Order’s activities until elections are reorganized.

Article Twenty Four: Council Meetings
The Order Council shall hold a session upon convocation of the President, at least once a month, on the date specified on the meeting invitation. Such sessions shall be considered legal only if attended by seven of its members at least, including the Order President or his deputy. The invitation shall comprise a statement of the topics included on the agenda.

Article Twenty-Five: Duties of the Deputy President, the Secretary and the Treasurer
The Order’s Deputy President shall replace the President during his absence for any reason; he shall exercise all his powers while performing this duty. The powers and functions of the Secretary and the Treasurer shall be stipulated in the Rules of Procedure.

Article Twenty-Six: Decisions of the Council
The Council shall take its decisions by the majority of votes, and in case of equal votes, the vote of the Order President shall be considered a casting vote.

Article Twenty-Seven: Appeal of the Council’s Decisions
The Office of the Attorney General and any stakeholder may appeal the Council’s decisions within ten days from the date of notification. The appeal is submitted to the Appeal Court which should decide on it, after adding to its Board two members from the Order Council selected by the said Council. This Court can settle any dispute even if the two above-mentioned members cannot join the Court, either due to the dissolution of the council, or its refusal to join the Court’s Board.

Article Twenty-Eight: Powers of the Order Council

The Order Council has the following powers and functions:
  • Drafting the Rules of Procedure and introduce the necessary amendments upon approval of the Ministry of Public Health.
  • Implementing the decisions and recommendations of the General Assembly.
  • Deciding on the membership requests to join the Order.
  • Managing the funds of the Order, collecting the membership fees and the annual subscription fees decided by the General Assembly.
  • Preparing the annual report on the Order’s activities and achievements and presenting it to the General Assembly during its regular meeting.
  • Preparing plans, programs, studies and research aiming at achieving the Order’s goals, taking into account the recommendations of the General Assembly.
  • Preparing and submitting the annual budget and the actual expenses of the previous year to the General Assembly.
  • Monitoring the compliance of all nurses with the professional laws and ethics and their commitment to their duties.
  • Seeking to resolve disputes which arise between the nursing body and other parties and which are related to the practise of the profession.
  • Contacting authorities, Public administrations, public and private bodies, organizations, orders and competent authorities in all the matters that are relevant to the interests of the Order.
  • Creation of necessary commissions to conduct the Order’s activities, and the possibility of contracting with specialists for specific jobs, which are determined by the Order Council.
  • Performing all works related to the management of the Order but not included in the powers and functions of the General Assembly.
  • Expressing opinions on all projects and regulations referred to the council by the competent authorities.


Article Twenty Nine: the Order’s Finance
The Order funds shall be kept in banks registered in the official list of banks. No amount shall be withdrawn or paid unless there is an order of payment duly signed by the Order President or his deputy during his absence or the treasurer, jointly and severally.

Chapter III
Article Thirty: Commissions

A- Commissions include the following:
  • Financial Commission
  • Administrative Commission
  • Scientific Commission
  • Social, Public Relations and Media Commission
B- The number of members in each commission shall not exceed five.
C- Members are selected either from within the Order Council or from outside the Council.
D- Each commission should be chaired by a member of Order Council.


Article thirty one: Financial Commission
This commission consists of five members elected by the Order Council during the first session held after the election of its office staff. This commission is entrusted with the following:
  • Performing the audit of the accounts and records of the Order and its commissions.
  • Developing the annual balance sheet.
  • Submitting projects that will finance the Order’s fund.
  • Developing the annual budget project jointly with the treasurer.
  • Providing the annual report on the Order’s financial and presenting it to the Council, then to the General Assembly.


Article Thirty Two: Administrative Commission
A- This Commission includes five members elected by the Order Council in its first meeting after the election of its office staff.
B- The Commission is entrusted with the following:
  • Preparing invitations to bid for insurance with the President of the Order and the Head of the financial commission and submitting them to the Order Council in order to take the appropriate decision.
  • Preparing a semi-annual report on the Order’s activities, its achievements and submitting it to the Order Council.
  • Reviewing applications for membership and referring them to the Order Council.
  • Reviewing the incoming complaints and submitting them to the Order President and the Order Council.


Article thirty three: The scientific commission
This commission is composed of five members elected by the Order Council in the first session held by its office staff. It is entrusted with the following:
  • -Preparing the scientific research, seminars, studies, conferences and programs related to the work of the Order, which raises its level and the level of its affiliated members and submitting them to the Order Council, to have them published in the Order’s magazine.
  • Overseeing all scientific and educational issues intended to be published in the Order’s magazine.
  • Overseeing the library, archives and the Order’s documentation.
  • The Commission shall prepare its annual budget and submit it to the Order Council for validation. The Order Council should take the appropriate decision to either approve or amend the mentioned annual budget.

Article thirty four: The Social, Public Relations and Media Commission
This commission is formed of five members elected by the Order Council in the first session after the election of its office staff. The commission is entrusted with the following:
  • Taking care of the social relations between members, and establishing visiting programs planned by the Order Council, as well as reception programs for delegations, and organizing their visits and stay.
  • Studying all activities of social nature and set up a detailed report on them and submitting it to the Order Council.


Article thirty five: Disciplinary actions and sanctions
If any nurse, being Lebanese or foreigner, defaults on his/her duties or expose his/her dignity to anything that affects his/her honour, integrity and competence, or if he/she acts in a way that degrades the ethics of the profession, or behaves in a manner that is not in conformity with its ethics, he/she shall be subject to the application of the following sanctions:
  • Written warning.
  • Blame.
  • Temporary suspension from work for a period not exceeding one year.
  • Definitive prevention from exercising the profession and striking him/her off the roll.


Article Thirty Six: Structure of the Disciplinary Council
The Disciplinary Council includes six members as follows:
  • The Order President or the person he/ she nominates as a chairman.
  • Two members from the Order Council elected by the Council, and who shall be holders of a university degree in nursing.
  • Two members elected by the General Assembly, provided that one of them holds at least of a university degree in nursing and the other should have the rank of professor in nursing
  • A consultant member from the Disciplinary Council appointed by the Order of Physicians, and who shall not be entitled to vote.
  • The mandate of the council members shall consist of two renewable years.


Article thirty seven: Referral to the Disciplinary Council
Misconducts shall be referred to the Disciplinary Council by decision of the Order Council:
A-Upon request of the Minister of Public Health, or upon referral from the Appellate General Prosecutor or from any affected person, whether a nurse or not.
B-Upon request of the Order President, with justified decision after informing the member duly referred to the Disciplinary Council.
C-Upon request of the nurse who sees himself/herself subject to an unjustified charge, and submits his/her case to the discretion of the Disciplinary Council to plead not guilty.


Article Thirty Eight: Procedures at the Disciplinary Council
The Disciplinary Council follows the ordinary judicial procedures. Therefore when assigning a responsibility to a nurse, the above mentioned council must take into account the good faith, use all methods of proofs and convene the offender for a hearing. The offender must respond to the convocation, answer the questions addressed to him/her and give all the clarifications required from him. He/she is entitled to resort to a lawyer for his/her defence.

Article Thirty Nine: Disciplinary Council’s mission to issue decisions
The Disciplinary Council’s decision should be taken within a maximum period of 3 months from the date it receives the notification of referral of the offender. The council’s decision shall be kept secret and is notified only to the concerned person and the Ministry of Public Health. In case the Disciplinary Council contravenes this, both the Order’s president and Public Prosecutor’s office are entitled to refer the case to the Court of Appeal which examines it as a last resort.

Article forty: Methods of Revision of the Disciplinary Council’s decisions
The Disciplinary Council‘s decision accept objections and appeals within a period of 15 days starting from the date of notification.

Article Forty One: Rules of Notification
Notification is carried out by registered letter with acknowledgment of receipt. The calling for appeal is presented to the Court of Appeal in Beirut.

Article Forty Two: Decision of the Disciplinary Council
Decisions of both the Disciplinary Council and the Court of Appeal are secret. In case a nurse is convicted for a crime that offends the honour and dignity of the profession, and if he/she is sentenced twice during one year for a more serious penalty than blame, the Order Council can decide by a two-third majority of its members to announce the decision at the Order Head office for one month period.

Article Forty three: Criminal Prosecution
Behavioural prosecution does not preclude criminal prosecution in case the violation represents also a punishable offence in the Penal Code.

Article Forty Four: Mechanism of Complaint Examination
When the president of the Order receives a complaint, he/she may refer it to the Administrative Commission to conduct a primary investigation. The Commission hears the statements of the concerned nurse, after explaining the substance of the complaint and showing the file documents. The Commission should hear the statements of the witnesses, request the documents and do whatever facilitates revealing the evidence and conducting its mission. On completion of the investigation, the Commission drafts a report and submits it to the President of the Order, who presents it to the Order Council, which has the right to determine whether there is a motive for prosecution or withhold the report and the complaint.

Article Forty Five: Preventing the resignation
The resignation presented by a nurse is not accepted during the disciplinary investigation; also the resignation of the suspended person is accepted only after sanctions have been executed, and he/she remains during all this period under the Order’s authority, and shall not be entitled to exercise any work related to the profession or participate in a General Assembly.

Article forty six: Appearing Before the Disciplinary Council
The nurse shall appear before the Disciplinary Council upon a notice signed by the Order President and the Secretary.

Chapter V
Pension Fund and Allocation of Financial Support to the Nurses and their Families
Article forty seven: Pension Fund

Pension fund and financial aids for nurses or their families are established, and their conditions and sources are determined after approval of the Minister of health
A-Sources of this fund consist of the following:
  1. Contributions made by members of the order.
  2. Donations and bequests.
  3. Interests of the funds.
B-Methods of managing this fund are identified in the Rules of Procedure after getting approval from the Minister of Public Health.

Chapter VI
General and transitional provisions:
Article forty eight: The legal framework of the order and the right of property

The order is considered a legal and moral person, and is entitled to own the necessary real estate to conduct its business only, in accordance with the laws and regulations in force.

Article forty nine: Tutorship authority:
The order is subject to the tutorship of the Minister of Public Health.

Article fifty: The constituent General Assembly
Within two months from the date this law becomes enforced, the General Assembly composed of nurses registered at the Ministry of Public Health shall hold a meeting for electing the Order Council and the President of the Order, according to the provisions of this law.

Article fifty one: Invalidation of previous decisions
All decisions relating to the establishment of orders for nurses issued by the Minister of Labour are cancelled and become invalid immediately after the issuance of this law.

Article fifty two: Enforcement of the law
This law becomes enforced immediately after its publication in the Official Gazette.
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